Vitamins and minerals present in the hemp oil

Hemp seeds, for a long time, were ignored for their nutritional benefits due to their association with cannabis. However, it’s staging a comeback because it provides important health benefits which are associated with its unique nutritional composition.

The oil obtained from hemp seeds - hemp oil, is useful in improving digestion, improving metabolism and balancing hormones. Apart from these benefits, hemp (cannabis) oil is also a rich source of vitamins and minerals.

We’ll take a look at: Vitamins present in hemp oil and the symptoms associated with their deficiencies Minerals present in hemp oil.



It is also known as vitamin B1. It is one of the 8 B vitamins. It plays a vital role in the metabolism of cells in the  body and converting carbohydrates and amino acids into energy. It also plays a critical role in maintaining the proper functioning of the heart, muscle and the nervous system. Although it is rare to be deficient in thiamine, alcoholics and those undergoing kidney dialysis may lack thiamine.

Symptoms associated with the deficiency of thiamine include:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue


Riboflavin or vitamin B2, just like the other B vitamins, plays a crucial role in the liberation of energy in the body. It also plays critical roles in body growth, development of normal vision, reproduction, production of red blood cell and development of skin health.

It is a water-soluble soluble vitamin which must be restored back into the body each day. This is because it is flushed out of the body daily. The best way to get vitamin B2 is by consuming foods rich in riboflavin such as the hemp seed and hemp oil.

The deficiency of riboflavin in developed countries is rare. This is because it is found in many common foods. Those that are more prone to vitamin B2 deficiency are teens, alcoholics and the elderly. This can be attributed to poor diet.

Symptoms of riboflavin deficiency include:

  • Anemia
  • Sore throat
  • Inflammation of the skin
  • Lip sores


The presence of sufficient niacin or vitamin B3 is very essential for the general well-being of the body system. Adequate amounts of niacin helps to improve cholesterol levels and also reduce cardiovascular problems.

Some benefits that can be derived from the intake of niacin include but not limited to:

  • Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
  • Maintenance of the digestive system
  • Conversion of food into energy which helps in ensuring normal growth and development
  • Enhancement of liver and gland function
  • Improvement of general health

Just like some of the previous vitamins, the deficiency of niacin is rare in developed countries. It is typically found in alcoholics. Symptoms of lack of niacin include depression, poor circulation, indigestion and fatigue. Pellagra can emanate from severe deficiency of niacin. It is associated with digestive problems, mental disorder and skin problems.


Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) - a water-soluble vitamin, is found in various forms in the body and the foods we consume. The most active form of vitamin B6 as a human vitamin is pyridoxal 5’-phosphate (PLP).

It is naturally present in foods and also available as dietary supplements. Along with other B vitamins, it helps in turning the food in the body to energy. On its own, it performs the following functions:

  • It helps in producing antibodies needed by the immune system
  • It helps in synthesizing the red blood cells
  • It maintains the metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids
  • It regulates the glucose level in the blood
  • It develops the brain and nervous system of the unborn baby       

Deficiency of vitamin B6 can emanate from inability to absorb the vitamin or dietary supplements.

Symptoms of its deficiency include:

  • Weak immune system
  • Scaly skin on the lips
  • Swollen tongue
  • Anemia


Folate is also referred to as Vitamin B9 or folic acid. It is a water-soluble vitamin. This vitamin helps the body as a coenzyme to:

  • Produce healthy blood cells
  • Synthesize DNA and RNA
  • Prevent defects in the fetus during the early weeks of pregnancy
  • Ensure a normal metabolism of the immune system
  • Maintain a normal cell division
  • Develop psychological functions
  • Reduce tiredness and fatigue.

Apart from the aforementioned benefits, vitamin B9 also reduces the risk of heart disease. It also protects against the development of cancer.

The deficiency of folate (vitamin B9) can emanate from inadequate uptake and absorption of the vitamin. Symptoms associated to its deficiency include tiredness, loss of appetite, and irritability amongst others. Vitamin B9 deficiency in expectant mothers can lead to serious birth defects.

Including hemp foods in diets will go a long way in eliminating these symptoms.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant which occurs naturally in foods. Apart from the hemp seed and oil, it is also found in nuts, seeds and leafy vegetables. It is a fat-soluble vitamin used for treating vitamin E deficiency.

Benefits associated with vitamin E include:

  • Protection against oxidative damage
  • Maintenance of normal cell development
  • Formation of part of the cell membrane
  • Protection of polyunsaturated fatty acids

Vitamin E deficiency can be developed by those that can’t absorb fat properly. Serious vitamin E deficiency is signified by vision problems, unsteady walking, muscle weakness and abnormal eye movements.



Calcium is very essential in the formation of strong teeth and bone. It also helps in maintaining a normal blood pressure. Calcium plays a crucial role in muscle contraction, normal heartbeat, and blood clotting.


Potassium is an essential mineral needed by the body because of the following benefits:

  • It aids body growth and development
  • It ensures proper heart function
  • It transmits nerve impulses
  • It maintains normal water balance between cells and fluids in the body
  • It is crucial for the contraction of muscles.


Phosphorus together with calcium helps in the formation of teeth and bone. It also forms part of the vital components of the cell membranes. It is highly essential for the growth of tissues. It also renews worn out tissues and maintains the balance between acid and base in the fluids found in body cells.


Benefits that can be derived from magnesium include:

  • Activation of B vitamins
  • Bone mineralization
  • Synthesis of protein
  • Liberation of energy from nutrients


Copper is useful for the formation of the red blood cells (hemoglobin) and the connective tissues. It helps in supplying oxygen to the body. It also aids the development of the brain and nerve cell communication. The absorption, storage and metabolism of iron are also parts of the numerous benefits of copper.


Iron is a major component of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Both transport oxygen in the blood and to the muscles. Iron helps in making new cells, hormones and amino acids. It is also important in the activity of enzymes in the production of energy.


Zinc aids the metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrate. It also boosts the immune system and helps in development, maintenance of healthy skin, reproduction, enhancement of the activities of enzymes in the body cells.


Manganese works in conjunction with various enzymes to aid the numerous processes taking place in the body. Some of these processes include:

  • Formation of connective tissue
  • Blood clotting
  • Production of reproductive hormones
  • Development of the brain
  • Enhancement of the nerves
  • Formation of bones

Various vitamins and minerals that are found in the hemp oil. These are one of the most potent foods that are important for the normal well-being of life. This goes a long way to show how essential hemp oil is to life, due to the essential vitamins and minerals that can be derived from its consumption.